Recently a new feature has been added to the authoring process in SharePoint online. This new feature helps you to define appropriate alternative text descriptions for your images on pages. In general to specify alternative text for images is possible the first time in SharePoint history. Previously only the title of an image could be defined.
When a new image gets inserted on a page, the image gets analysed by a background service, which assumes the content of the image and returns an appropriate description. Through the help of pattern recognition and artificial intelligence, the returned values are pretty accurate, at least with the pictures I tested this feature so far.
When you create a new project without any framework, the default web part content in the code will be added through innerHTML.
Technically there is nothing wrong with this approach, but you might run into a problem when you add more content to the web part afterward using the same method. In this case, the previously added content will be overwritten.
To avoid this behavior, you can use jQuery and the ‘append‘ or ‘prepend‘ methods to add your content. It works well but requires an external library.
Instead of using jQuery, there is a native method in the document object model of HTML available.
Have you ever tried to add a caption to an image inside the SharePoint rich text editor? In this case you might end up editing the source code of the editor. Before you touch the source code of your page, let me show you a more convenient way to achieve this without advanced coding techniques.